Spark a conversation with this video showing some dancing raisins. This activity is great for describing observations and applying ideas in unfamiliar contexts.
Run the activity
1. You’re going to watch a short video. The aim isn't to find right answers, it's to explore ideas and find out what they know.
- Do they know what might happen based on the image?
2. After you've watched the video, lead a discussion with your class:
- What does the class think will happen when the raisins go into the bottle?
- Did they expect the raisins to behave in the way they did?
- Can they see the bubbles attached to the raisins? Why do they think these form?
- Why do the raisins travel up and down in the bottle?
3. Ask the class to describe what they saw using only one word.
This is a video of a handful of raisins being dropped into a bottle of fizzy soda water. At first the raisins sink, because they’re denser than the liquid they've been dropped into, but as they travel through the liquid the carbon dioxide (CO₂) bubbles forming in the soda water begin to attach themselves to the rough surface of the raisins. Look closely, you can see this happening in the video! These bubbles give the raisins buoyancy, so they rise to the top of the bottle. When they reach the surface they pop and the raisins sink back down, for the process to start again.
When the lid of the bottle is screwed tightly there is a limit to the amount of CO₂ that can escape into the space above the liquid, so that you end up with equilibrium, and no more movement until the lid is unscrewed again and stored CO₂ is released.
Take it further
Why not try this experiment in class using other fizzy liquids such as sparkling water or lemonade? Or investigate what happens with different objects, like chocolate chips or edible silver balls? We've got lots more amazing bottle experiments for you to try, like this What's going on? video.
Video and image credit: Wellcome